Peru was home to the Norte Chico civilization -- one of the oldest in the world -- and to the Inca Empire. The land varies from arid plains on the Pacific coast, to the Andes mountains, and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin.
Peru is a multi-ethnic country, formed by the combination of different groups over five centuries.
Today, tourism is the third-largest industry in the country with tourists visiting for the archaeological monuments, ecotourism in the Amazon, and cultural tourism in the colonial cities.
Peru on Wikipedia