In 2017 Mauritania underwent monetary reform, with one new ouguiya replacing 10 old ouguiya, which is nice for the Coin Zoo, since three of the five new coins feature animals.
Mauritania has struggled with agriculture, on account of how it is mostly desert. A large majority of the population supports itself (barely) through cattle herding. At one point, cows outnumbered people by three to one. (There may be less cows now, but there is definitely a lot more people.)
The fellow on this coin is a zebu, of the short-horned variety, which represents most of the cattle in the country.
All coin images in Daniel's Coin Zoo are from my personal collection. I collect, research, and personally photograph every coin displayed on this site. PLEASE do not take my images without permission. If you would like to use any coin image you see, just ask me. Thank you.