The Central African Republic was a member of French Equatorial Africa and achieved independence in 1960.
The country suffered through more than 30 years of misrule mostly at the hands of the military, before a civilian government was established in 1993.
The CAR has a problem with deforestation and desertification, a serious problem with AIDS, and is reported to have one of the lowest per capita incomes in the world. The CAR also exports lots of diamonds.
Central African Republic on Wikipedia