Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence from colonial powers in 1957. It is made up of the former colonies of the Gold Coast and British Togoland. The name comes from the Ghana Empire (c. 750-1240) which was actually north and west of present day Ghana.
Ghana is known for its colourful Kente cloth, which skilled weavers create. It also has a well-developed system of schools, allowing most of the population reasonable access to education.