The Republic of The Gambia is Africa's smallest country. It is a narrow strip -- between 11 and 32 km wide -- that follows the Gambia river from the Atlantic Ocean for 322 km into West Africa. It is completely surrounded by Senegal.
Gambia's history is marked by three centuries of slave trading, during which it is estimated 3 million people were taken through this area. In 1888 The Gambia became a British Colony and independence was achieved in 1965 as a constitutional monarchy in the Commonwealth of Nations. In 1970, the Republic of Gambia was formed.
Today The Gambian economy relies on peanut exports and tourism.