Djibouti is a very small country on the eastern 'horn' of Africa, at the southern end of the Red Sea. It was a French protectorate in the 19th century known as French Somaliland. The name was changed to the French Territory of the Afars and the Issas in 1967. Independence was achieved in 1977 as Djibouti.
The desert land has a chronic shortage of drinking water, but it is a strategically important trade location.